Vol. 6, Issue 2, Decembar 2010.



Bakirtzoglou Panteleimon1, Ioannou Panagiotis2 i Bakirtzoglou Fotis3
1 Organizacija za stručno obrazovanje i obuku u Grčkoj, Atina, Grčka
2 Fakultet fizičkog obrazovanja i sportskih nauka, Solun, Grčka
3 Solunska opšta bolnica"Agios Dimitrios", Solun, Grčka


doi: 10.5550/sgia.s1002024
COBISS.BH-ID 1846808
UDK: 616.728.3:796.012.23


Sažetak   PUNI TEKST(.pdf)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of two different methods of measurement for hamstring flexibility. Forty male students athletes with mean age 23.45±0.44 years and forty non-athletes students with a mean age 23.08±0.98 years participated in this study. Hamstring flexibility was evaluated by two different methods of measurement: a) a Myrin goniometer and b) sit and reach test. Statistical analysis included the use of Independent Samples T-test while significance was set at p<0.01. The results indicated that athletes students scored better than non-athletes students only when hip joint’s mobility was measured with a Myrin goniometer. In conclusion the evaluation of joint's mobility should be done by using a method of measurement that would isolate the articulation of measurement from the interjection of other joints or muscular teams something that is achieved by the use of Myrin goniometer than the use of Sit and Reach test.


Ključne riječi: hamstrings, Myrin goniometer, sit and reach test.



A.A.H.P.E.R.D. (1984). Technical manual for the health related physical fitness test. Washington, DC: Author.

American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. (1965). Joint Motion: Method of measuring and recording. Chicago, IL: Park Ridge American College of Sports Medicine. (1995). Guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger.

Baltaci, G.N.UN, Tunay, V.A., Besler, S. & Gerceker, S. (2003). Comparison of three different sit and reach tests for measurement of hamstring flexibility in female uni versity students. Br. J. Sports Med. 37(1), pp. 59-61.  
PMid:12547745    PMCid:1724584

Chung, P.K. & Yuen, C.K. (1999). Criterion-related validity of sit-and-reach tests in uni-versity men in Hong Kong: Perceptual and Motor Skills. 88(1), pp. 304-316.  

Ekstrand, J., Wiktorsson, M., Oberg, B, & Gillquist, J. (1982). Lower extremity goni-ometric measurements: A study to deter-mine their reliability. Arch. Phys. Med. Re-habil. 63(4), pp. 171-175.

Harris, M.L. (1969). A factor analytic study of flexibility. Res. Q. Exerc. Sport. 40, pp. 62-70.

Hoeger, W.W.K., Hopkins, D.R., Button, S. & Palmer, T.A. (1990). Comparing the sit and reach with the modified sit and reach in measuring flexibility in adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science 2, pp. 156-162.

Hui, S.S.C. & Yuen, P.Y. (2000). Validity of the modified back-saver sit-and-reach test: a comparison with others protocols. Med.

Sci. Sports Exerc. 32(9), pp. 1655-1659.

Institute for Aerobics Research (1988). The Fitnessgram. Dallas: Author.

Jackson, A.W. & Baker, A.A. (1986). The rela-tionship of the sit and reach test to crite-rion measures of hamstring and back flexi-bility in young females. Res. Q. Exerc. Sport. 57, pp. 183-186.

Jackson, A.W. & Langford, N.J. (1989). The criterion-related validity of the sit and reach test: Replication and extension of previous findings. Res. Q. Exerc. Sport. 60(4), pp. 384-387.

Kendall, H.O., Kendall, F.P. & Wadsworth, G.E. (1971). Muscles: Testing and Function. (2nd ed.). Baltimore. MD: Williams and Wil-kins.

Kippers, V. & Parker, A.W. (1987). Toe touch test. A measure of its validity. Physical Ther-apy, 67(11), pp. 1680-84.

Leighton, J.R. (1955). Instrument and tech-nique for measurement of range of joint motion. Archives Physical Medicine Rehabilita-tion, 36, pp. 571-78.

Liemohn, W., Sharpe, G.L. & Wasserman, J.F. (1994). Criterion related validity of the sit-and- reach test. J. Strength Cond Res. 8(2), pp. 91-94.<0091:CRVOTS>2.3.CO;2  

Minkler, S. & Patterson, P. (1994). The validity of the modified sit-and-reach test in col-lege-age students. Research Quarterly for Exer-cise and Sport 65, pp. 189-192.

Moller, B. & Oberg, B. (1984). Athletic train-ing and flexibility. A study on range of mo-tion in the lower extremity. Thesis, Linkoping.

Simoneau, G.G. (1998). The impact of various anthropometric and flexibility measurements on the Sit-and-Reach test. J. Strength Cond Res. 12(4), pp. 232-237.<0232:TIOVAA>2.3.CO;2  

Wells, K.F. & Dillon, E.K. (1952). The sit and reach: A test of back and leg flexibility. Res.