SportLogia
Vol. 11, Issue 1, June 2015.

 


Slavica Đ. Jandrić
SCOLIOSIS AND SPORT
"In the course of growth and development, affected by various internal and external factors, various postural disorders may occur, especially in school-age children. Scoliosis is defined as a lateral curvature of the spinal column in the coronal plane, but the disorder actually occurs in three dimensions. The prevalence of scoliosis is from 2% to 3%, and it is the highest in patients in the 12-14 age range, affecting girls more than boys at a ratio of 2:1. Functional scoliosis occurs more frequently than structural scoliosis. Idiopathic scoliosis is structural scoliosis which has no definite cause; it may progress and affect the function of internal organ systems and occurrence of back pain. Annual children’s medical check-ups and early detection of scoliosis are essential for treatment of scoliosis. Treatment depends on the size and progression of the curve, skeletal maturity, scope of physical therapy and observation. The potential association between adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and sports is still insufficiently researched. Young athletes may have spinal deformities which are not related to any sports activity or may be potentially associated with the sport they practise. The International Scientific Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment has come up with the guidelines for sports activities in children with scoliosis. This association does not recommend sport for treatment of idiopathic scoliosis. Sports activities are recommended due to their specific useful effects in the psychological, neuromuscular and general aspect of health in patients with scoliosis, even in patients during the treatment with spinal orthoses. In patients with a high risk of scoliosis progression, it is recommended to avoid competitive activities with a higher degree of mobility of the spinal column"
Evangelos Chatzilelecas, Branimir Filipović, and Lidija Petrinović
DIFFERENCES IN QUALITY OF LIFE ACCORDING TO THE LEVEL OF OHYSICAL ACTIVITY BETWEEN TWO GROUPS OF BASKETBALL PLAYERS IN THE WHEELCHAIRS
"The aim of the study was evaluation of quality of life according to the level of physical activity be­tween two groups of wheelchair basketball players. We included 34 individuals divided into the two groups according to the level of physical activity during the week. Individuals in the first group had trainings two times per week (16 individuals) and in the second group had trainings three to six times per week (18 individuals)"
Tatjana Milivojac, Nela Rašeta, Vera Aksentić, and Milkica Grabež
IMPACT OF VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY ON FLUCTUATION OF CALCIUM AND PARATHYROID HORMONE LEVELS IN POSTMENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROSIS
"The primary role of vitamin D is regulation of calcium, phosphorus and bone metabolism. Vitamin D status assessment is based on measuring of 25 (OH) D concentrations, and disorders of vitamin D status may be manifested as a vitamin D insufficiency, vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D hypervitaminosis. It is generally accepted that values above 75 nmol / L will suffice to prevent the occurrence of secondary hyperparathyroidism. Although vitamin D deficiency can be found at any age, it is most common in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, and in older women. The aim of this study was to determine the vitamin D status, parathyroid hormone levels and calcium levels in women with newly diagnosed postmenopausal osteoporosis, and to compare the results with the same parameters observed and measured in women without osteoporosis, and to establish whether there is a connection between vitamin D levels and levels of other parameters. The study involved 85 postmenopausal women, all of which were screened for osteoporosis by measuring bone mineral density in the lumbar spine and hip region using DXA method. Of these, 50 women were found to have osteoporosis while 35 had regular DXA values. Our results showed a high incidence of vitamin D deficiency in postmenopausal women, with significantly higher vitamin D deficiency in women with osteoporosis. The values of parathyroid hormone were higher, and the values of ionized calcium were lower in women with osteoporosis, and there is a negative correlation between 25 (OH) D and parathyroid hormone. The most common risk factors for osteoporotic fracture in postmenopausal women were early menopause and previous fracture in adulthood. Reduced levels of vitamin D in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis leads to changes in calcium and parathyroid hormone metabolism "
Marijana Simić, Jovan Vuković, Saša Marković, and Mila Vukadinović
MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND MOTOR ABILITIES OF PHYSICALLY ACTIVE AND INACTIVE FEMALE HIGH-SCHOOL STUDENTS
"On a sample of 72 girls from high school „Svetozar Miletic“ from Novi Sad, age 18 ± 6 months divided into two groups: physically active (at least 30 minutes of daily physical activities of moderate intensity) and insufficiently physically active (below average) was performed a research of transversal character with intent to determine whether there are statistically significant differences in morphological characteristics and motor abilities. The study applied 13 variables, five morphological (body height, body weight, body mass index, body fat percentage, m muscle mass percentage) and 8 motorically (flamingo balance test, hand tapping, sit and reach, standing broad jump, from lying to sitting position for 30 seconds, bent arm hang, shuttle run 10x5 m and endurance shuttle run). Obtained results of multivariate analysis (MANOVA) indicate that there are statistically significant differences between the variables in morphological characteristics at level of p = .02 and motoric abilities at the level of p = .00, while univariate analysis (ANOVA) indicates, that in morphological characteristics there are only differences in the percentage of muscle mass, at the level of p = .006, while in motor abilities difference was determined in all variables".
Briskin Yuriy, Pityn Maryan, Semeryak Zoryana, and Vaulin Oleksandr
INTERCONNECTION OF WOMEN EPEE FENCERS OF DIFFERENT QUALIFICATION INDICATORS
"IIt is set that discrepancy in the structure and content of correlational connections between indicators of technical and tactical kinds of training of women epee fencers of different qualification can allow to confirm about the need of educational and training correction with use of accents on the improvement of hits accuracy without attention decrease on other kinds of training of qualified sportsmen on the stage of specialized basic development and their training level approach to model indicators of high qualified women epee fencers".
Elma Omeragić, Jasmina Đeđibegović, Miroslav Sober, Aleksandra Marjanović, Mirza Dedić, Haris Niksić, and Mahir Fidahić
USE OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS AMONG ELITE ATHLETES
"Many athletes use supplements in their diet as part of regular training or competition, thus enabling more intense training by encouraging faster recovery between workouts, minimizing interference caused by disease or injury and increasing competitive performance. These supplements, unlike medications, are not subject to rigorous efficiency and safety checks and tests. There is a risk with regard to those supplements which include positive doping test result as a consequence of presence of the prohibited substances not listed in the declaration of the preparation. The aim of this study was to examine the use of supplements among elite athletes by analyzing the forms for doping control, issued by the Agency for Anti-doping control of Bosnia and Herzegovina, performed in the period from 2010 to 2012. The study includes supplements whose use was reported by athletes in the period of the last 7 days (prior testing). The study results indicate the frequency of dietary supplements use of 34.5%. The most dominant group among users of dietary supplements were men aged between 18 and 29 years. From 152 users of dietary supplements 62.3% of them have used more than one product. The number of used supplements was an average of 2.9±2.8 products. Amino acids and proteins are the most commonly used dietary supplements. This study confirmed excessive use of dietary supplements among elite athletes and pointed to the need of necessary education and ensuring the availability of scientific and unbiased information, about the benefits and risks of dietary supplements use, to athletes".
Dejan Ilić, Stefan Stojaković, Nikola Fišeković, and Saša Đurić
FEET STATUS IN FOOTBALL PLAYERS OF DIFFERENT COMPETITION CATEGORIE
"Medical check-up shave determined an increasing number of children with body defects as well as functional disabilities of locomotors system. Therefore it is essential to involve children in various forms of physical activities. In that sense, one of the most successful measures to implement in order to act preventively, and consequently correctively, are the sports games. Modern way of life leads to many postural disorders and deformities and one of the most presenting schoolchildren is flatfeet. The aim of the paper is detections well as presentation of feet postural status of football players of different competition categories in Valjevo football clubs".
Majid AL-Busafi
ADMINISTRATION DEVELOPMENT OF OMAN ATHLETICS ASSOCIATION
"The objective of the study understands and highlights the primary administrative issues and barriers occur in the administrative system of Oman Athletics Association. In order to collect the sample, interviews were conducted with the people working in this association. The interviews were conducted with the directors, coaches and employees. The questions asked were related to the problems they faced and what kind of resources is required.  The possible solutions according to them were also asked. The participants were divided into three groups, group A consist of employees, group B consist of directors and group C consist of coaches. The questions were asked according to their field. The results of the study depicted that obstacles faced by the association has the negative impact on the workflow and progress of the organization. There is the need of effective programs in the organization".